Sunday, May 11, 2014

Great Space Camp - 2014

website recommended by Eamon


an imperfect universe:


Things you want to learn about in space camp! – Visualizing the universe

-       I don’t know – open to everything!!!!!  ***
-       More proof for my scientific theories – that Ganymede use to be a planet:

If Ganymaede was orbiting the sun - it would be a planet - being larger than Mercury, but instead by it orbiting another planet becomes a moon - interesting thought though - this might be evidence further than Jupiter might be just a very small would have been star?

Ganymede-Largest Moon of Jupiter

"Ganymede's Characteristics

A moon is an object that orbits a planet or other large bodies in space. Ganymede, as mentioned in the introduction, orbits Jupiter, which is the largest planet in the solar system. It takes Ganymede approximate seven 'earth days' to orbit Jupiter. Ganymede's diameter is approximately 3,273 miles, which makes it also wider than Mercury, the closest planet to the sun. In terms of mass, this moon is also the largest, although it has less mass than most of the other planets in the solar system. Interestingly enough, it is large enough to see with the naked eye.
Ganymede has an atmosphere (layer or layers of gases) that contains oxygen, ozone, and hydrogen. It also has a magnetosphere, which is an atmosphere that contains charged molecules controlled by a magnetic field. It is the only moon in the solar system to contain this arrangement.
Ganymede contains a core that is composed of iron, and this core is surrounded by a layer of ice and rock. The surface contains many craters, or deep depressions, and also has many intricate grooves that may have formed from shifting in the crust, or upper layer. Scientists also believe that Ganymede may contain saltwater ocean-like bodies beneath the surface above the core." -

-       Dark energy and dark matter – and there is only 1% of actual matter – most of it is “nothingness”  = I don’t know
 Yes - one of those very disturbing bits of science that we really don't know what over 75% of the Universe is made of - but we do know it is there.

-       Will it be possible for humans to live on other planets?
What do you think after this week?  What would we need to do so?
-       All aliens will be gold based life form quadruple D.N.A., awesome spaceships, homes, vehicles….  They are going to be awesome!!!
Life within our solar system will probably closely related - but that of planets etc in galaxies elsewhere - who knows!!!
-       Theory:  the universe isn’t “expanding”  - that the dark energy is pulling it apart
good way of describing it, depends on how you see it.

-       If there are other universes
According to M theory and others - it sure is looking most likely

-       A LOT
o   If the sun died – will it swallow Earth?
It won't "Swallow" it - but it will toast it to evaporate all of it's water - but  - it will make the rest of the universe possibly a better place to be?
"the heating Sun will evaporate the Earth’s oceans away, and then solar radiation will blast away the hydrogen from the water. The Earth will never have oceans again. It will eventually become molten again.
One interesting side benefit for the Solar System. Even though the Earth, at a mere 1.5 astronomical units, will no longer be within the Sun’s habitable zone, much of the Solar System will be. The new habitable zone will stretch from 49.4 AU to 71.4 AU, well into the Kuiper Belt. The formerly icy worlds will melt, and liquid water will be present beyond the orbit of Pluto. Perhaps Eris will be the new homeworld."-

-       Learn about space!!!


-       where does the matter that goes into a black hole – where does it go?
still unknown
-       I don’t know – I’m open to the universe = singularity  *****
-       Everything about space!!!
-       All of space
-       Learn about of the galaxy
-       Draw a picture of what the black hole  **

we saw several examples -  the point being - since we don't know what happens - it is hard to say what we would even see?  it is up to you science fiction fans out there
-       Model of a black hole and what its parts are called

-       where does the stuff go when it goes intoa  black hole?
still unknown
-       What will the world look like when it is burnt by the sun in another 4 trillion years
Very dry   - no moat water
"the heating Sun will evaporate the Earth’s oceans away, and then solar radiation will blast away the hydrogen from the water. The Earth will never have oceans again. It will eventually become molten again.
One interesting side benefit for the Solar System. Even though the Earth, at a mere 1.5 astronomical units, will no longer be within the Sun’s habitable zone, much of the Solar System will be. The new habitable zone will stretch from 49.4 AU to 71.4 AU, well into the Kuiper Belt. The formerly icy worlds will melt, and liquid water will be present beyond the orbit of Pluto. Perhaps Eris will be the new homeworld."-

-       Is there a planet with aliens on it?
i hope so!  bring your parents to the Drake equation site and see what they think:
-       Will the world ever end?
Like most things - in some way yes and in some ways - never
-       I don’t know = open to the universe  ***
-       Are there going to be aliens or no aliens
-       What does the universe look like?
I still think the jury is out - and it is up to you - but if the universe just happens to look like one brain cell  - like most of you said "wait !!!  shouldn't there be more brain cells and we are part of someone else's brain?" - i like that idea very much

what does the universe look like?
-       The universe is going to end in ice
 depends on if you think the universe will expand into nothingness or compress into the big crunch - or become the next bit bang.

-       How many stars are in the universe
-       The sun burning out **
yes - that will happen, but we have billions upon billions of years before that happens.  More Billions of years than the Earth has been alive so far.

Projects that would be fun & questions about the class?

Can we dress up like aliens?
Model of a ship to Mars – what would that look like? – if I was designing it
VAcume cleaner as a black hole?


How did people come up with the idea that worm-holes could transport you across time?
My guess is when people were able to imagine space time like fabric - our first association other than cloths and wearing it is the holes we can get in it - and if there is a hole in space  / time - where does it go to?  Much like a black hole - which definitely this concept gained speed when blackholes were confirmed "where do they go?"

  many people want to know where stuff goes in a black hole...  many many different theories that i can't even begin to start warping into something useful  check out the videos for starters and NASA's sight

How many Universes are there?  

  1.  ooooohh - are there videos:

How many universes are there? - Chris Anderson

Is there an end to the Universe?  Is the end of the universe a giant wall of Black holes?
Great question!!!   - possibly.
right now our scientists are so consumed about asking "what came before"  - what comes next is completely out of the spectrum.... like politics and life...  we forget to look forward rather than driving through the rear-view mirror.  I suggest that this is an area you look into.  Not enough work is being done here for sure because it does involve a lot of guess work - and to do that - you have to be bold.

How big can a black hole get?
I don't know.  I know they can only eat what is within instant reach - not a super-sucking machine - and i do understand that they can get "full" more or less.
i'm not certain, but here are some links:

Image illustrating: How big is a black hole?



Cosmic Adventures, episode 6: The stellar family:


Space travel -How to Explore the Universe - Documentary
Spectrum of the stars

How to see what the universe is made of:

Types of stars:

Star Classification:

Star Death - Wonders of the universe - Brian Cox


Monday:  Life cycle of stars:

FULL SPEED SPACE TRAVEL ~3D~ Universe Galaxies Stars Planets Pulsars Black Holes☀ T

he Universe - S02E08 - Space Travel - History Channel

 "Future SpaceTravel technologies" [2014 Documentary]

Supernovas & Massive Gamma Ray Bursts


 Monster of the Milky Way HD

A Science Odyssey: Mysteries of the Universe - Documentary

 Journey through the universe beyond the speed of light [HD]

Stephen Hawking's Universe - Black Holes and Beyond (PBS Documentary)

Masters of the Universe part 1 - Stephen Hawking:

Masters of the Universe part 2:

Parallel Universes, Alternative Timelines & Multiverse - BBC Horizon

Strangest Anomalies in Our Universe
Virtual universe:

1. What is Space?

Dark Matter ; the Undetectable Mass

Quantum the Microscopic Universe Full Documentary HD

< The Elements Song - Tom Lerher

Daniel Radclif singing the same thing br />

By Abbi Allan.  © 2004, 2012

Close your eyes.
We are starting here at home, on Earth.  To take this trip into the universe, we are going to have to travel extremely fast. Even if we were traveling the speed of light, 186,281 miles per second, turning ourselves into energy, it would still take us far more time than we have.  It would be billions of lifetimes over. 
Sure, it would be fast locally.  We could go from New York to London in a tenth of a second.  It would only take us less than a second and a half to get to the moon, and only 8 minutes, 30 seconds to make it to the sun.  It’s fast relative to our solar system, but even at the speed of light, it would take us 4 years and 2 months to reach the closest star within our own galaxy!  And that’s just on the same block!  We are going to go far further than that.
         People are just one of billions of different life forms on earth.  Our rich diversity comes from all the different solutions to all the different environmental conditions we have on Earth.  Deep-sea vents where the animals live off sulfur, parasites in an acidic stomach, bacteria in the artic, and birds in paradise.  There isn’t a place on earth that doesn’t house some sort of life.  Think of all the different plants and animals that have long come and gone, now extinct.  Most of them looked like they came from another planet!  I’m sure the dinosaur would say the same thing about us if they could.

Now we are going to leave Earth. 
Our planet is just one of 8 planets, if you don’t count planetoids, (and if you do possibly ten or more) some with Many moons, and some with none, orbiting our only star, the sun, within our solar system. Approximately 2 light years across.  Our Sun is barely notable.  It may be special to us, but is only one of 200 to 400 billion stars within our galaxy, the Milky Way. Think of all the possible planets there might be surrounding those stars?  Think of all the variety we see within our own solar system?  Just about anything you could possibly imagine might possibly exist.  Imagine each star as a house on your block.  That would be A LOT of houses!
The Milky Way is beautiful.  One of the few spiral galaxies other there.  It looks like a swirly Frisbee.  In the center are all the older stars, 6,000 light years thick worth of them and at the center, a Supermassive Black hole!  Their heavy mass helps pull the arms around them.  These arms hold the birthplaces of our galaxy’s newest stars that shine brighter than those in the center.  The Milky Way is a mere 120,000 light years across, and 2,000 light years deep. 

Our galaxy is one of 30 or so other galaxies within our local group.  It is like our celestial neighborhood.  Lucky for us, we are one of the three largest of these galaxies, so a lot of the little ones orbit around us.  This is because our mass is so great that we are actually denting the fabric of space, pulling the little ones in! 

We can look over and see another cluster of galaxies far away.  It is the Virgo Cluster, 50 million light years away to be exact.  If you lived to be 100, you would have to live five hundred thousand times to reach it!  (And that’s at the speed of light!)  This cluster holds over 2000 galaxies, and with all of those stars, it is just breathtaking.  A treasure chest in the sky. 

It doesn’t stop there.  That Virgo cluster, and ourselves and surrounding neighborhoods all are part of a Super Cluster, holding a dozen or so more of these Clusters! It looks like a big soap bubble, with all the clusters, groups, galaxies, stars, planets, and us, all on the surface, with big spaces of nothing in-between. 
What’s amazing, is our bubble, larger than 100 million light years across is one of many, and definitely not the largest.   They are all piled on top of each other like a tub full of soap bubbles – or a collection of balloons that are continuously being blown up and everything that we can see – all the matter of the universe is on the skin of each of these balloons.  
And this balloon-bubble like structured clusters form these incredible filaments.
The largest of these is known as the Great Sloan wall.  Ironically, this looks a LOT like our own brain structure of neurons.  We make the small web like threads surrounding large gaps of dark matter  - which makes up 21% of the universe.  Only 4% of the Universe is matter we can see, know and understand – which includes everything we know of in the universe. This is the largest structure in the universe that we know of, depending on what you count as a structure – either the filaments or Dark Matter.
Even crazier, is our Universe is growing larger and larger, faster and faster each second, thanks to that other unknown and invisible part of our Universe, 75% of our Universe approximately – Dark Energy.
We just can’t push ourselves fast enough to catch up with the edge of this expanding universe.  It looks like red sunset that never slips under the horizon, but recedes further and further away in the distance, so we’re just going to have to guess what’s beyond that.  
Because Light takes so long to cross such a distance, each time we look out into space we look back into time.  We have an idea about what the first seconds after the Big Bang were like, but everything before that – and even before the Big Bang – we still just don’t know.
Each time we look out into space we look back into time.  We have an idea about what the first seconds after the Big Bang were like, but everything before that – and even before the Big Bang – we still just don’t know.
As we ride back to Earth we have to think about the most amazing part of all of this.  Everything in this universe, our super cluster, cluster, local group, galaxy, star, solar system, planet, region on earth, neighborhood, block, house, room, you… even every single cell of you, it’s all made of the same stuff.  The same 103 plus elements that all came to be at the instant right before time began.  All of this was crammed into a point smaller than a pinprick, and heavier than anything we can think of.  The moment this little pinpoint exploded, which we call the Big Bang, it allowed the opportunity for you to exist.  We all made of stardust and this week, we’re going to find out just how that is.

(by Abbi Allan - who updates the version any time she can - most recently before this camp.  July, 2012)

Fabric of the Universe was the group favorite!

Part 1 - What is Space?

Part 2 - the Illusion of Time

Part 3 - Quantum Leap

 Part 4 - Universe or Multiverse?

Great films you can watch about the universe:

What is the Biggest thing in the Universe!

Carl Sagan on Atoms  


 Neil Degrass Tyson on Fusion (from the Origins series)  

National Geographic Journey To The Edge Of The Universe

Time to meet the Elements  (They Might be Giants)

How does a star Fuse the Elements (Neil Degrass Tyson)

Building of the Space Station



•  Is there really a secret chamber in black holes? 
•  How was the Sun created?
•  How are stars made?
•  Why do galaxies collide?
•  Are there’s aliens in the universe?
•  ?  - //
•  Why is the Sun so hot?
• How are Galaxies are made?
•  Are there other planets in other galaxies?
•  How did the first black hole be created?
•  What are black holes made of?
• How did the Earth get air?
•  How can we travel as fast as light?
•  What do black holes look like?
•  How many stars are in space?
•  What are stars made of?

•  ? Open to anything!  //
•  All the Star constellations  ///
•  What do black holes look like?
•  Alien Life forms?  //
•  What is dark matter and Dark Energy?
•  The Subatomic partial that might be going faster than light?  (Neutrinos)  //
•  How time Flows in space?
• how galaxies form?
•  What makes Alien life form?
•  Black holes, Wormholes, time travel?
•  Is there another galaxies that  / universe?
•  Multiverse?
•  Are there any life forms that we know of?
•  is there anything in space that would help us with nanotechnology?
•  is the government hiding anything from us in space?
•  Are there any  - how do stars form?
•  Does the more junk we put in our planet affect space?
•  How did we get junk in space?
•  Time folds – or any wrinkles in time?
•  If there’s a lot of Junk in space – why can’t we clean it!!!???!
•  Proof for the big bang
• What in space blows up???
•  Black holes and worm holes?

• have they figured out where to blackholes leads to?
•  Do they know how black holes work?
•  ?  - ////
•  How aliens build super rockets and super outer space travel?
•  how do they play in space?
• How do aliens play space soccer?
•  How astronauts get though the atmosphere without burning up or bouncing off?
•  What pets there are in outer space?
•  How do they launch rockets back to earth?
•  How are wormholes made?
•  Do we have any proof of aliens?
•  How do they go to the bathroom in space?
• How does the Earth Rotate?
•  How do black holes form?
•  Where do wormholes leads? 
•  What do astronauts eat in space?
•  What does space ice-cream taste like?
•  What do aliens eat? And drink?

Images of: